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Nurse Notes- 1/10

Causes for sore throats include viruses, bacteria and allergens. Viruses are the most frequent cause. Strep throat is a bacterial infection caused by A Streptococcus bacteria.

Symptoms
* Sore throat
* Fever that begins suddenly
* Red throat, sometimes with white patches
* Tender, swollen glands in neck
* Vomiting

Diagnosis
* Throat culture performed by medical professional
* Rapid strep test is quicker but is not as reliable

Transmission
* Spread by person-to-person contact
* Spread indirectly through articles soiled with nasal secretions or saliva
* Symptoms begin 1-3 days after exposure to illness

Treatment
* Antibiotics are prescribed and taken as directed by physician
* Student should remain home from school for 24-48 hours after starting the antibiotics
* Student should remain home until they are fever free for 24 hours (without fever reducing medication)
* Follow the course of treatment to prevent complications such as rheumatic fever

If your child develops symptoms similar to those of strep infection, please contact your physician. Inform the school nurse of a confirmed case. Remember that good hand washing is the number one way to prevent the spread of communicable disease.